Racial Diversity and Racial Policy Preferences: The Great Migration and Civil Rights
Alvaro Calderon (),
Vasiliki Fouka () and
Marco Tabellini ()
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Alvaro Calderon: Alvaro Calderon
Vasiliki Fouka: Vasiliki Fouka
Marco Tabellini: Marco Tabellini
No 2133, CReAM Discussion Paper Series from Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London
Between 1940 and 1970, more than 4 million African Americans moved from the South to the North of the United States, during the Second Great Migration. This same period witnessed the struggle and eventual success of the civil rights movement in ending institutionalized racial discrimination. This paper shows that the Great Migration and support for civil rights are causally linked. Predicting Black inflows with a shift-share instrument, we find that the Great Migration raised support for the Democratic Party, increased Congress membersâ€™ propensity to promote civil rights legislation, and encouraged pro-civil rights activism outside the US South. We provide different pieces of evidence that support for civil rights was not confined to the Black electorate, but was also shared by segments of the white population.
Keywords: Race; diversity; civil rights; Great Migration (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D72 J15 N92 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cdm, nep-his, nep-pke and nep-ure
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:crm:wpaper:2133
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