Permanent Residency and Refugee Immigrantsâ€™ Skill Investment
Jacob Arendt (),
Christian Dustmann and
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Jacob Arendt: ROCKWOOL Foundation Research Unit
No 2314, CReAM Discussion Paper Series from Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London
We analyze an immigration reform in Denmark that tightened refugee immigrantsâ€™ eligibility criteria for permanent residency to incentivize their labor market attachment and acquisition of local language skills. Contrary to what the reform intended, the overall employment of those affected decreased while their average language proficiency remained largely unchanged. This was caused by a disincentive effect, where individuals with low prereform labor market performance reduced their labor supply. Our findings suggest that stricter permanent residency rules, rather than incentivizing refugeesâ€™ skill investment, may decrease the efforts of those who believe they cannot meet the new requirements.
Keywords: immigrant assimilation; refugee integration; labor supply; language proficiency; human capital (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J22 J24 J61 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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