Factor extraction using Kalman filter and smoothing: this is not just another survey
Esther Ruiz Ortega and
Karen Alejandra Miranda Gualdrón
DES - Working Papers. Statistics and Econometrics. WS from Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Departamento de Estadística
Dynamic Factor Models, which assume the existence of a small number of unobservedlatent factors that capture the comovements in a system of variables, are the main "bigdata" tool used by empirical macroeconomists during the last 30 years. One importanttool to extract the factors is based on Kalman lter and smoothing procedures that cancope with missing data, mixed frequency data, time-varying parameters, non-linearities,non-stationarity and many other characteristics often observed in real systems of economicvariables. This paper surveys the literature on latent common factors extracted using Kalmanfilter and smoothing procedures in the context of Dynamic Factor Models. Signal extractionand parameter estimation issues are separately analyzed. Identi cation issues are also tackledin both stationary and non-stationary models. Finally, empirical applications are surveyedin both cases.
Keywords: Dynamic; Factor; Model; Em; Algorithm; Identi; Cation; State-Space; Model (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Journal Article: Factor extraction using Kalman filter and smoothing: This is not just another survey (2021)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:cte:wsrepe:30644
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