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Sequential vs. Simultaneous Schelling Models: Experimental Evidence

Juan Benito (), Pablo Brañas-Garza, Penelope Hernandez () and Juan A. Sanchis Llopis ()

No 510, Discussion Papers in Economic Behaviour from University of Valencia, ERI-CES

Abstract: This paper shows the results of experiments where subjects play the Schelling's spatial proximity model (1969, 1971a). Two types of experiments are conducted; one in which choices are made sequentially, and a variation of the first where the decision-making is simultaneous. The results of the sequential experiments are identical to Schelling's prediction: subjects finish in a segregated equilibrium. Likewise, in the variant of the simultaneous decision experiment the same result is reached: segregation. Subjects’ heterogeneity generates a series of focal points in the first round. In order to locate themselves, subjects use these focal points immediately, and as a result, the segregation takes place again. Furthermore, simultaneous experiments with commuting costs allow us to conclude that introducing positive moving costs does not affect segregation.

Keywords: Schelling models; economic experiments; segregation (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cbe, nep-exp and nep-ure
Date: 2010-06
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Related works:
Journal Article: Sequential versus Simultaneous Schelling Models: Experimental Evidence (2011) Downloads
Working Paper: Sequential vs. Simultaneous Schelling Models: Experimental Evidence (2009) Downloads
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