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Social Composition, Social Conflict, and Economic Development

Holger Strulik ()

DEGIT Conference Papers from DEGIT, Dynamics, Economic Growth, and International Trade

Abstract: This paper investigates how people subdivided in social groups behave in an economy without property rights. Facing a linear production technology groups follow Markovian strategies for consumption and investment. Additionally, they may spend effort in an appropriation contest. For a symmetric society I show that conflict prevents investment and growth. In a society at peace economic growth may occur. Growth, however, is decreasing in the degree of social fractionalization and smaller than it could be under secure property rights. In an economy populated by social groups of unequal size an asymmetric equilibrium exists. A large majority may behave peacefully although continuously challenged by a predatory minority. In that case the economy either stagnates or grows at a low rate. Growth is decreasing in the size of the predatory minority and its conflict intensity.

Keywords: Africa’s Growth Tragedy; Property Rights; Social Conflict; Fractionalization (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C73 D74 O11 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2004-06
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http://degit.sam.sdu.dk/papers/degit_09/C009_018.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: Social composition, social conflict and economic development (2008) Downloads
Working Paper: Social Composition, Social Conflict, and Economic Development (2006) Downloads
Working Paper: Social Composition, Social Conflict, and Economic Development (2005) Downloads
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