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Fear Not For Man? Armed conflict and social capital in Mali

Thomas Calvo, Emmanuelle Lavallée (), Mireille Razafindrakoto () and Francois Roubaud ()
Additional contact information
Emmanuelle Lavallée: DIAL, LEDa, IRD, Université Paris-Dauphine, Université PSL
Mireille Razafindrakoto: DIAL-LEDa, IRD, Université Paris-Dauphine, PSL Université

No DT/2019/10, Working Papers from DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation)

Abstract: This paper studies the effects of armed conflict on social capital in Mali, where a violent conflict has been raging since 2012. We examine the conflict's impacts on associational membership using event location data and unique survey data on governance, peace and security (GPS-SHaSA). We show that, in conflict-exposed areas, adult involvement in associations increases from 7 to 14 percentage points. Instrumental variable and difference-in-differences strategies complementary mitigate reverse causation and omitted variable biases as estimated results remain very consistent. Robust estimations constrained to non-migrants samples also rule out selection into migration. Yet this result, consistent with the argument that armed conflict cultivates social engagement, is not a positive outcome in the case of Mali. The increase is observed solely for family and political associations, which are comparatively inward-looking and act as interest groups. We interpret this finding as a form of withdrawal behind group or community boundaries, an interpretation supported by further analysis of interpersonal trust. This sort of withdrawal may exacerbate ethnic divisions and deepen the conflict.

Keywords: Social capital; Con ict; Participation; Trust; Mali. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D71 F51 O12 Z13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 42 pages
Date: 2019-07
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-afr, nep-dev and nep-soc
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http://www.dial.ird.fr/media/ird-sites-d-unites-de ... travail/2019/2019-10 First version, 2019 (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: Fear Not For Man? Armed conflict and social capital in Mali (2020) Downloads
Working Paper: Fear Not For Man ? Armed conflict and social capital in Mali (2019) Downloads
Working Paper: Fear not for man? Armed conflict and social capital in Mali (2018)
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