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Fear Not For Man ? Armed conflict and social capital in Mali

Thomas Calvo, Emmanuelle Lavallée, Mireille Razafindrakoto and Francois Roubaud ()
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Emmanuelle Lavallée: Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD), LEDa - Laboratoire d'Economie de Dauphine - IRD - Institut de Recherche pour le Développement - Université Paris Dauphine-PSL - PSL - Université Paris sciences et lettres - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique
Mireille Razafindrakoto: DIAL - Développement, institutions et analyses de long terme, LEDa - Laboratoire d'Economie de Dauphine - Université Paris Dauphine-PSL - PSL - Université Paris sciences et lettres

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Abstract: This paper studies the effects of armed conflict on social capital in Mali, where a violent conflict has been raging since 2012. We examine the conflict's impacts on associational membership using event location data and unique survey data on governance, peace and security (GPS-SHaSA). We show that, in conflict-exposed areas, adult involvement in associations increases from 7 to 14 percentage points. Instrumental variable and difference-in-differences strategies complementary mitigate reverse causation and omitted variable biases as estimated results remain very consistent. Robust estimations constrained to non-migrants samples also rule out selection into migration. Yet this result, consistent with the argument that armed conflict cultivates social engagement, is not a positive outcome in the case of Mali. The increase is observed solely for family and political associations, which are comparatively inward-looking and act as interest groups. We interpret this finding as a form of withdrawal behind group or community boundaries, an interpretation supported by further analysis of interpersonal trust. This sort of withdrawal may exacerbate ethnic divisions and deepen the conflict.

Keywords: Social capital; Conflict; Participation; Trust; Mali (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02446972
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Published in Journal of Comparative Economics, 2019, ⟨10.1016/j.jce.2019.11.005⟩

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Related works:
Journal Article: Fear Not For Man? Armed conflict and social capital in Mali (2020) Downloads
Working Paper: Fear Not For Man? Armed conflict and social capital in Mali (2019) Downloads
Working Paper: Fear not for man? Armed conflict and social capital in Mali (2018)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:hal:journl:hal-02446972

DOI: 10.1016/j.jce.2019.11.005

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