Fear Not For Man ? Armed conflict and social capital in Mali
Mireille Razafindrakoto and
Francois Roubaud ()
Additional contact information
Emmanuelle Lavallée: Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD), LEDa - Laboratoire d'Economie de Dauphine - IRD - Institut de Recherche pour le Développement - Université Paris Dauphine-PSL - PSL - Université Paris sciences et lettres - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique
Mireille Razafindrakoto: DIAL - Développement, institutions et analyses de long terme, LEDa - Laboratoire d'Economie de Dauphine - Université Paris Dauphine-PSL - PSL - Université Paris sciences et lettres
Post-Print from HAL
This paper studies the effects of armed conflict on social capital in Mali, where a violent conflict has been raging since 2012. We examine the conflict's impacts on associational membership using event location data and unique survey data on governance, peace and security (GPS-SHaSA). We show that, in conflict-exposed areas, adult involvement in associations increases from 7 to 14 percentage points. Instrumental variable and difference-in-differences strategies complementary mitigate reverse causation and omitted variable biases as estimated results remain very consistent. Robust estimations constrained to non-migrants samples also rule out selection into migration. Yet this result, consistent with the argument that armed conflict cultivates social engagement, is not a positive outcome in the case of Mali. The increase is observed solely for family and political associations, which are comparatively inward-looking and act as interest groups. We interpret this finding as a form of withdrawal behind group or community boundaries, an interpretation supported by further analysis of interpersonal trust. This sort of withdrawal may exacerbate ethnic divisions and deepen the conflict.
Keywords: Social capital; Conflict; Participation; Trust; Mali (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02446972
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed
Published in Journal of Comparative Economics, 2019, ⟨10.1016/j.jce.2019.11.005⟩
Downloads: (external link)
Journal Article: Fear Not For Man? Armed conflict and social capital in Mali (2020)
Working Paper: Fear Not For Man? Armed conflict and social capital in Mali (2019)
Working Paper: Fear not for man? Armed conflict and social capital in Mali (2018)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:hal:journl:hal-02446972
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in Post-Print from HAL
Bibliographic data for series maintained by CCSD ().