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Gender inequalities in pensions: Are determinants the same in the private and public sectors?

Carole Bonnet (), Dominique Meurs () and Benoît Rapoport

No 2016-8, EconomiX Working Papers from University of Paris Nanterre, EconomiX

Abstract: While the average gender gap in pensions is quite well documented, gender differences in the distribution of pensions have rarely been explored. We show in this paper that pension dispersion is very similar for men and women within the French pension system of a given sector (public or private). However, the determinants of these gender inequalities are not the same. Using a regression-based decomposition of the Gini coefficient, we find that pension dispersion is mainly due to dispersion of the reference wage. Gender differences are less marked among civil servants. For women, pension dispersion is also due to dispersion in contribution periods. We also decompose the Gini coefficient by source of income to measure the impact of institutional rules on the extent of pension inequality. Unexpectedly, we find that the impact of pension minima is limited, although slightly larger for civil servants than for private sector employees.

Keywords: Pension; Private and Public sector; Gender gap; Gini coefficient; Decomposition. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J14 J16 H55 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-age, nep-dem, nep-eur, nep-hme and nep-pbe
Date: 2016
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
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Working Paper: Gender inequalities in pensions: Are determinants the same in the private and public sectors? (2016)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:drm:wpaper:2016-8

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