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Economic performance and government size

Antonio Afonso and Joao Jalles

No 1399, Working Paper Series from European Central Bank

Abstract: We construct a growth model with an explicit government role, where more government resources reduce the optimal level of private consumption and of output per worker. In the empirical analysis, for a panel of 108 countries from 1970-2008, we use different proxies for government size and institutional quality. Our results, consistent with the presented growth model, show a negative effect of the size of government on growth. Similarly, institutional quality has a positive impact on real growth, and government consumption is consistently detrimental to growth. Moreover, the negative effect of government size on growth is stronger the lower institutional quality, and the positive effect of institutional quality on growth increases with smaller governments. The negative effect on growth of the government size variables is more mitigated for Scandinavian legal origins, and stronger at lower levels of civil liberties and political rights. Finally, for the EU, better overall fiscal and expenditure rules improve growth. JEL Classification: C10, C23, H11, H30, O40

Keywords: common correlated effects; fiscal rules; growth; institutions; pooled mean group (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2011-11
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dge, nep-fdg and nep-pbe
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (44)

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Working Paper: Economic Performance and Government Size (2011) Downloads
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