EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Gender Equality in the Family Can Reduce the Malaria Burden in Malawi

Matthew J. Klein, Bradford L. Barham and Yuexuan Wu
Additional contact information
Matthew J. Klein: U of Wisconsin-Madison
Bradford L. Barham: U of Wisconsin-Madison
Yuexuan Wu: U of California, Davis

Staff Paper Series from University of Wisconsin, Agricultural and Applied Economics

Abstract: We provide the first empirical evidence that increasing equality between decision makers in a family reduces malaria transmission in Malawi. International organizations and the Malawi government have invested more than one hundred million dollars to reduce the disease burden in the past decade, successfully reducing malaria prevalence by innovating, and scaling up impactful interventions. Additional progress is possible: we show that integrating women’s empowerment programs into malaria control efforts would reduce the disease burden further. We measure power in three different ways: we estimate two separate collective models of the family, one with outside options and one without, and we construct a reduced form index as a proxy. We find that women have less power than men across all three measurement methods. Using an instrumental variables approach, we find that a one standard deviation increase in women’s bargaining power decreases the likelihood that a family member contracts malaria by between 45% and 48%, depending on which measurement we use. We suggest that NGO and government programs addressing malaria incorporate a female empowerment component, like a gendered cash transfer, to better combat this deadly disease.

JEL-codes: D1 I14 I15 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dev, nep-gen and nep-hme
Date: 2019-09
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
https://api.aae.wisc.edu/pubs/pdf/sps/stpap594.pdf

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ecl:wisagr:594

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Staff Paper Series from University of Wisconsin, Agricultural and Applied Economics Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by ().

 
Page updated 2019-12-01
Handle: RePEc:ecl:wisagr:594