Creative and science-oriented employees and firm-level innovation
Antonia Birkeneder and
Andrés Rodríguez-Pose ()
No 1808, Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) from Utrecht University, Department of Human Geography and Spatial Planning, Group Economic Geography
This paper examines the link between innovation and the endowments of creative and science-oriented STEM - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics ? workers at the level of the firm and at the city-/regional-level in Germany. It also looks into whether the presence of these two groups of workers has greater benefits for larger cities than smaller locations, thus justifying policies to attract these workers in order to make German cities 'smarter'. The empirical analysis is based on a probit estimation, covering 115,000 firm-level observations between 1998 and 2015. The results highlight that firms that employ creative and STEM workers are more innovative than those that do not. However, the positive connection of creative workers to innovation is limited to the boundaries of the firm, whereas that of STEM workers is as associated to the generation of considerable innovation spillovers. Hence, attracting STEM workers is more likely to end up making German cities smarter than focusing exclusively on creative workers.
Keywords: Innovation; Creative workers; STEM workers; Smart Cities; Spillover; Germany (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D22 J82 R12 J21 J24 R23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cse, nep-ent, nep-eur, nep-geo, nep-ino, nep-lma, nep-sbm, nep-tid and nep-ure
Date: 2018-02, Revised 2018-02
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Working Paper: Creative and science-oriented employees and firm-level innovation (2018)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:egu:wpaper:1808
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