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What drives European multinationals to the EU neighbouring countries? A mixed methods analysis of Italian investment strategies

Andrea Ascani (), Riccardo Crescenzi and Simona Iammarino

LSE Research Online Documents on Economics from London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library

Abstract: This paper aims to investigate the economic integration between the European Union and its neighbouring countries by exploring the location drivers of Italian Multinational Enterprises (MNEs) in 33 destination countries including the New Member States of the European Union (NMs) and the European Neighbouring countries (NCs). The paper compares market- and efficiency-seeking motivations with asset-seeking strategies. The analysis is based on a mixed-method approach. The quantitative analysis assess the location determinants of 518 Italian MNEs that invested in the area in the years 2003-2008, while qualitative information on strategic location decisions is collected by means of in-depth interviews with executives in two of the largest Italian MNEs active in the region. Market-seeking considerations are still predominant drivers of location decisions in EU Neighbouring Countries together with resource-seeking motivations. However, different MNEs develop diversified strategies to increase their access to these areas which are of increasing interest for global investors.

Keywords: European Union; European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP); multinationals; FDI; FP7/2007-2013; H2020/2014-2020; 639633-MASSIVE-ERC-2014-STG (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F23 P33 R30 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016-01-27
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eur, nep-geo and nep-int
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Published in Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, 27, January, 2016, 34, pp. 656-675. ISSN: 0263-774X

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