Does Trade Promote Gender Wage Equity? Evidence from East Asia
Gunseli Berik (),
Yana Rodgers () and
No 2002-14, SCEPA working paper series. from Schwartz Center for Economic Policy Analysis (SCEPA), The New School
This study explores the impact of competition from international trade on the gender wage gap in Taiwan and South Korea between 1980 and 1999. The dynamic implications of Beckerâ€™s (1959) theory of discrimination lead one to expect that increased competition from international trade reduces the incentive for employers to discriminate against women. This effect should be more pronounced in concentrated sectors of the economy, where employers can use excess profits to cover the costs of discrimination. Alternatively, wage discrimination may increase with growing trade in a context of employment segregation that limits womenâ€™s ability to achieve wage gains. The empirical strategy controls for differences in market structure across industries in order to isolate the effect of competition from international trade. Estimation results are not consistent with Beckerâ€™s theory, as greater international competition in concentrated sectors is associated with larger wage gaps between men and women.
JEL-codes: F14 F15 J31 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 51 pages
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-lab and nep-sea
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Working Paper: Does Trade Promote Gender Wage Equity?: Evidence from East Asia (2003)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:epa:cepawp:2002-14
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