EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Productivity, external balance and exchange rates: evidence on the transmission mechanism among G7 countries

Giancarlo Corsetti (), Luca Dedola () and Sylvain Leduc ()

No ECO2006/39, Economics Working Papers from European University Institute

Abstract: This paper investigates the international transmission of productivity shocks in a sample of five G7 countries. For each country, using long-run restrictions, we identify shocks that increase permanently domestic labor productivity in manufacturing (our measure of tradables) relative to an aggregate of other industrial countries including the rest of the G7. We find that, consistent with standard theory, these shocks raise relative consumption, deteriorate net exports, and raise the relative price of nontradables - in full accord with the Harrod-Balassa-Samuelson hypothesis. Moreover, the deterioration of the external account is fairly persistent, especially for the US. The response of the real exchange rate and (our proxy for) the terms of trade differs across countries: while both relative prices depreciate in Italy and the UK (smaller and more open economies), they appreciate in the US and Japan (the largest and least open economies in our sample); results are however inconclusive for Germany. These findings question a common view in the literature, that a country's terms of trade fall when its output grows, thus providing a mechanism to contain di¤erences in national wealth when productivity levels do not converge. They enhance our understanding of important episodes such as the strong real appreciation of the dollar as the US productivity growth accelerated in the second half of the 1990s. They also provide an empirical contribution to the current debate on the adjustment of the US current account position. Contrary to widespread presumptions, productivity growthin the US tradable sector does not necessarily improve the US trade deficit, nor deteriorate the US terms of trade, at least in the short and medium run.

Keywords: International transmission mechanism; net exports; terms of trade; real exchange rates; VAR; long-run restrictions; US current account (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F32 F41 F42 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cba, nep-eff, nep-ifn and nep-int
Date: 2006
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations View citations in EconPapers (34) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://cadmus.iue.it/dspace/bitstream/1814/6684/1/ECO%202006-39.pdf main text

Related works:
Chapter: Productivity, External Balance, and Exchange Rates: Evidence on the Transmission Mechanism among G7 Countries (2008) Downloads
Working Paper: Productivity, External Balance and Exchange Rates: Evidence on the Transmission Mechanism among G7 Countries (2006) Downloads
Working Paper: Productivity, External Balance and Exchange Rates: Evidence on the Transmission Mechanism Among G7 Countries (2006) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eui:euiwps:eco2006/39

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Economics Working Papers from European University Institute Badia Fiesolana, Via dei Roccettini, 9, 50014 San Domenico di Fiesole (FI) Italy. Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Julia Valerio ().

 
Page updated 2018-08-11
Handle: RePEc:eui:euiwps:eco2006/39