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Education, HIV Status and Risky Sexual Behavior: How Much Does the Stage of the HIV Epidemic Matter ?

Raul Santaeulalia-Llopis

No ECO2016/09, Economics Working Papers from European University Institute

Abstract: We study the relationship between education and HIV status using nationally representative data from 39 Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) in Sub-Saharan Africa. First, we construct an innovative algorithm that systematically defines aggregate stages of the HIV epidemic in a comparable manner across time and across space. Second, we exploit the variation in the aggregate HIV stages in the DHS data, and find that the education gradient in HIV shows a U-shaped (positive-zero-positive) pattern over the course of the epidemic. Further, educational disparities in the number of extramarital partners are largely consistent with the evolution of the education gradient in HIV. We propose a simple theoretical model of risky sex choices that accounts for these stylized facts.

Keywords: Education; HIV; Risky sex; Epidemiological stages (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I15 I25 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-afr, nep-edu and nep-hea
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Working Paper: Education, HIV Status, and Risky Sexual Behavior: How Much Does the Stage of the HIV Epidemic Matter? (2011) Downloads
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