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Gender Differences in Early Occupational Choices: Evidence from Medical Specialty Selection

Josep Amer-Mestre and Agnès Charpin
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Agnès Charpin

Economics Working Papers from European University Institute

Abstract: Empirical evidence shows that men and women hold different types of occupations. It is however difficult to disentangle the channels via which these differences come about because observed equilibrium outcomes arise from preferences of agents on both sides of the market, and from search and matching frictions. This paper relies on a unique labour market setting allowing to isolate the supply side factors driving gender-based occupational segregation. We find that female and male medical students facing the same pool of available positions make drastically different occupational decisions. Women prefer occupations characterised by lower expected earnings and time requirements, less competition, and a higher social contribution. Using individual data containing both revealed and stated preferences for residency positions, we find evidence suggesting that when constrained in their choices, women have a stronger preference for the location in which they are going to live than their male counterparts.

Keywords: Occupational segregation; Gender; Labour market; Job attributes (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eur, nep-gen and nep-lab
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