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Why should financial aid affect university participation? A review of the literature

Elena Vettoretto, Davide Azzolini () and Loris Vergolini ()

No 2019-03, FBK-IRVAPP Working Papers from Research Institute for the Evaluation of Public Policies (IRVAPP), Bruno Kessler Foundation

Abstract: This contribution reviews the literature on the role of financial aid in enhancing university participation. This aim will be reached through three main steps. First, we describe a theoretical framework based on rational action theory that could explain the effects exerted by the different measures. Second, we analyse the main forms of financial aid developed by the policy makers in Europe and in the US. More precisely, we look at the role played by: grants, tuition fees, loans and a novel approach in the financial aid debate: asset building. The paper attempts to provide an overview of the different measures’ effects on enrolment, academic performance and completion. Third, based on the reviewed literature, the paper tries to derive some general policy implications for the Italian case.

Keywords: Financial aid; Asset bulding; University participation (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: A23 I22 H52 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019-05
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