Climate policies and skill-biased employment dynamics: evidence from EU countries
Giovanni Marin () and
Francesco Vona ()
No 2018-23, Documents de Travail de l'OFCE from Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE)
The political acceptability of climate policies is undermined by job-killing arguments, especially for the least-skilled workers. However, evidence for distributional impacts for different workers remains scant. We examine the associations between climate policies, proxied by energy prices and a stringency index, and workforce skills for 14 European countries and 15 industrial sectors over the period of 1995-2011. We find that, while the long-term decline in employment in most carbon-intensive sectors is unrelated to policy stringency, climate policies have been skill biased against manual workers and have favoured technicians and professionals. This skill bias is confirmed using a shift-share instrumental variable estimator
Keywords: Climate policies; workforce skills; cluster analysis; multiple exposure to sturctural shocks (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J24 Q52 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Working Paper: Climate policies and Skill-biased employment dynamics: evidence from EU countries (2018)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:fce:doctra:1823
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