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Parental Investments in Early Childhood and the Gender Gap in Math and Literacy

Amanda Chuan, John List, Anya Samek and Shreemayi Samujjwala

Framed Field Experiments from The Field Experiments Website

Abstract: Parental investments shape children's educational specializations. Using a longitudinal study, we find that parents invest more in daughters than sons at ages 3-5. We find that early parental investment can explain persistently higher English scores for girls than boys 4-6 years later. However, there is no gender gap in Math. Parental investments at ages 3-5 appear to contribute to girls' advantage in English but have little impact on Math. Our results suggest that parental investments at early ages contributes to girls' comparative advantage in English.

Date: 2022
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-exp, nep-gen, nep-ltv, nep-neu and nep-ure
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