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Measures, Drivers and Effects of Green Employment: Evidence from US Local Labor Markets, 2006-2014

Francesco Vona (), Giovanni Marin () and Davide Consoli ()

No 2016.48, Working Papers from Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei

Abstract: This paper explores the nature and the key empirical regularities of green employment in US local labor markets between 2006 and 2014. We construct a new measure of green employment based on the task content of occupations. Descriptive analysis reveals the following: 1. the share of green employment oscillates between 2 and 3 percent, and its trend is strongly pro-cyclical; 2. green jobs yield a 4 percent wage premium; 3. despite moderate catching-up across areas, green jobs remain more geographically concentrated than similar non-green jobs; and 4. the top green areas are mostly high-tech. As regards the drivers, changes in environmental regulation are a secondary force compared to the local endowment of green knowledge and resilience in the face of the great recession. To assess the impact of moving to greener activities, we estimate that one additional green job is associated with 4.2 (2.4 in the crisis period) new jobs in non-tradable activities in the local economies.

Keywords: Green Employment; Local Labor Markets; Environmental Regulation; Environmental Technologies; Local Multipliers (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J23 O33 Q52 R23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-env, nep-geo, nep-lma, nep-sbm, nep-tid and nep-ure
Date: 2016-07
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Related works:
Working Paper: Measures, Drivers and Effects of Green Employment: Evidence from US Local Labor Markets, 2006-2014 (2017) Downloads
Working Paper: Measures, Drivers and Effects of Green Employment: Evidence from US Local Labor Markets, 2006-2014 (2016) Downloads
Working Paper: Measures, Drivers and Effects of Green Employment: evidence from US local Labor Markets, 2006-2014 (2016) Downloads
Working Paper: Measures, drivers and effects of green employment: evidence form US local labor markets, 2006-2014 (2016) Downloads
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