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Measures, Drivers and Effects of Green Employment: Evidence from US Local Labor Markets, 2006-2014

Francesco Vona (), Giovanni Marin () and Davide Consoli ()

SPRU Working Paper Series from SPRU - Science Policy Research Unit, University of Sussex Business School

Abstract: This paper explores the nature and the key empirical regularities of green employment in US local labor markets between 2006 and 2014. The main methodological novelty consists of a new measure of green employment based on the task content of occupations. Descriptive analysis reveals that: 1. the share of green employment is between 2 and 3 percent, with a strongly pro-cyclical trend; 2. the green wage premium is 4 percent; 3. green jobs are more geographically concentrated than similar non-green jobs; and 4. the top green areas are mostly high-tech. As regards to the drivers, direct changes in environmental regulation are a secondary force in explaining the 8-years growth of green jobs compared to the local amount of green subsidies within the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA), the endowment of green knowledge and the resilience to the great recession. Assessing the impact of moving to greener activities, we find that one additional green job is associated with 4.2 (2.2 in the crisis period) new local jobs in non-tradable activities, and that this effect can be mostly ascribed to the green ARRA package.

Keywords: Green employment; local labor markets; task-based approach; local multipliers; green American Recovery and Reinvestment Act; environmental policies (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J23 O33 Q52 R23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-env, nep-lma, nep-sbm, nep-tid and nep-ure
Date: 2017-07
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (13) Track citations by RSS feed

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Related works:
Working Paper: Measures, Drivers and Effects of Green Employment: Evidence from US Local Labor Markets, 2006-2014 (2016) Downloads
Working Paper: Measures, Drivers and Effects of Green Employment: evidence from US local Labor Markets, 2006-2014 (2016) Downloads
Working Paper: Measures, Drivers and Effects of Green Employment: Evidence from US Local Labor Markets, 2006-2014 (2016) Downloads
Working Paper: Measures, drivers and effects of green employment: evidence form US local labor markets, 2006-2014 (2016) Downloads
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