What Determines the Success of Housing Mobility Programs?
Hal Martin and
No 202036, Working Papers from Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland
There is currently interest in crafting public housing policy that combats, rather than contributes to, the residential segregation in American cities. One such policy is the Housing Mobility Program (HMP), which aims to help people move from disinvested neighborhoods to ones with more opportunities. This paper studies how design features influence the success of HMPs in reducing racial segregation. We find that the choice of neighborhood opportunity index used to define the opportunity areas to which participants are encouraged to move has limited influence on HMP success. In contrast, we find that three design features have large effects on HMP success: 1) whether the geographic scope is confined to the central city or is implemented as a metro-level partnership; 2) whether the eligibility criteria are race-based, race-conscious, or race-neutral; 3) whether tenant counseling, tenant search assistance, and landlord outreach are successful in relaxing rental housing supply constraints.
Keywords: housing mobility program; opportunity mapping; neighborhood effect; housing choice voucher program (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J15 R23 I38 H43 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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