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Inflation expectations and the transmission of monetary policy

John Roberts

No 1998-43, Finance and Economics Discussion Series from Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.)

Abstract: New Keynesian models with sticky prices and rational expectations have a difficult time explaining why reducing inflation usually requires a recession. An explanation for the costliness of reducing inflation is that inflation expectations are less than perfectly rational. To explore this possibility, I estimate the degree of nonrationality implicit in two survey measures of inflation expectations. I find that the surveys reflect an intermediate degree of rationality: Expectations are nether perfectly rational nor as unsophisticated as simple autoregressive models would suggest. I also find that a structural New Keynesian model with expectations formation based on the survey results is able to match closely the empirical costs of reducing inflation.

Keywords: Inflation (Finance); Monetary policy (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 1998
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-mon
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:fip:fedgfe:1998-43

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