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What drives matching efficiency? a tale of composition and dispersion

Régis Barnichon and Andrew Figura

No 2011-10, Finance and Economics Discussion Series from Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (US)

Abstract: This paper presents a framework to study movements in the matching efficiency of the labor market and highlights two observable factors affecting matching efficiency: (i) unemployment composition and (ii) dispersion in labor market conditions, the fact that tight labor markets coexist with slack ones. Using CPS micro data over 1976-2009, we find that composition is responsible for most of the movements in matching efficiency until 2006. In 2008-2009, only forty percent of an exceptionally low matching efficiency can be attributed to composition. New highly disaggregated data on vacancies and unemployment show that the unexplained decline in matching efficiency coincides with an increase in dispersion.

Keywords: Labor market; Unemployment; Employment (Economic theory) (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2011
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