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Does Trade Liberalization with China Influence U.S. Elections?

Yi Che, Yi Lu (), Justin Pierce (), Peter Schott () and Zhigang Tao ()

No 2016-039, Finance and Economics Discussion Series from Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.)

Abstract: This paper examines the impact of trade liberalization on U.S. Congressional elections. We find that U.S. counties subject to greater competition from China via a change in U.S. trade policy exhibit relative increases in turnout, the share of votes cast for Democrats and the probability that the county is represented by a Democrat. We find that these changes are consistent with Democrats in office being more likely than Republicans to support legislation limiting import competition or favoring economic assistance.

Keywords: China; Voting; Elections; Import Competition; Normal Trade Relations; World Trade Organization (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F13 F16 D72 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 40 pages
Date: 2016-03
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cdm, nep-cna, nep-int, nep-pke and nep-pol
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:fip:fedgfe:2016-39

DOI: 10.17016/FEDS.2016.039

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