EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

A Macroeconomic Model of Healthcare Saturation, Inequality and the Output-Pandemia Tradeoff

Enrique Mendoza (), Eugenio Rojas (), Linda L. Tesar and Jing Zhang ()

No WP-2021-02, Working Paper Series from Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago

Abstract: Covid-19 became a global health emergency when it threatened the catastrophic collapse of health systems as demand for health goods and services and their relative prices surged. Governments responded with lockdowns and increases in transfers. Empirical evidence shows that lockdowns and healthcare saturation contribute to explain the cross-country variation in GDP drops even after controlling for Covid-19 cases and mortality. We explain this output-pandemia tradeoff as resulting from a shock to subsistence health demand that is larger at higher capital utilization in a model with entrepreneurs and workers. The health system moves closer to saturation as the gap between supply and subsistence narrows, which worsens consumption and income inequality. An externality distorts utilization, because firms do not internalize that lower utilization relaxes healthcare saturation. The optimal policy response includes lockdowns and transfers to workers.

Keywords: Covid-19; lockdowns; externality; transfers (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E13 H23 I14 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 49
Date: 2021-02-22
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dge, nep-mac and nep-ore
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
https://www.chicagofed.org/~/media/publications/wo ... 21/wp2021-02-pdf.pdf full text (application/pdf)

Related works:
Working Paper: A Macroeconomic Model of Healthcare Saturation, Inequality and the Output-Pandemia Tradeoff (2020) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:fip:fedhwp:92155

Ordering information: This working paper can be ordered from

DOI: 10.21033/wp-2021-02

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Working Paper Series from Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by ().

 
Page updated 2022-01-27
Handle: RePEc:fip:fedhwp:92155