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Dynamics of labor demand: evidence from plant-level observations and aggregate implications

Russell W. Cooper, John Haltiwanger and Jonathan Willis ()

No RWP 03-12, Research Working Paper from Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City

Abstract: This paper studies the dynamics of labor demand at the micro and aggregate level. The correlation of hours and employment growth is negative at the plant level and positive in aggregate time series. Further, hours and employment growth are about equally volatile at the plant level while hours growth is much less volatile than employment growth in the aggregate data. Given these differences, we specify and estimate the parameters of a plant-level dynamic optimization problem using simulated method of moments to match plant-level observations. Our findings indicate that non-convex adjustment costs are critical for explaining plant-level moments on hours and employment. Aggregation generates time-series implications which are broadly consistent with observation. Further, we find that a model with quadratic adjustment costs alone can also broadly match the aggregate facts.

Keywords: Employment (Economic theory); Labor market (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2003
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Related works:
Journal Article: Dynamics of labor demand: Evidence from plant-level observations and aggregate implications (2015) Downloads
Working Paper: Dynamics of Labor Demand: Evidence from Plant-level Observations and Aggregate Implications (2004) Downloads
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