EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Rising Market Concentration and the Decline of Food Price Shock Pass-Through to Core Inflation

Jason Brown () and Tousey Colton

No RWP 19-2, Research Working Paper from Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City

Abstract: Using a vector autoregression that allows for time-varying parameters and stochastic volatility, we show that U.S. core inflation became 75 percent less responsive to shocks in food prices since the late 1970s. The decline in the pass-through of food price shocks to inflation is a result of a decline in both volatility and the persistence of food price changes in inflation. This decline in pass-through coincides with a period of increasing concentration in the food supply chain, especially among U.S. grocery retailers and distributors. We find that 60 percent of the variation in pass-through over the last four decades can be explained by changes in food retailers? and distributors? market concentration. Controlling for the composition of the food basket and inflation expectations explains an additional 20 percent of the variation. {{p}} Our results suggest that if the market concentration of food retailers and distributors continues to increase and inflation expectations remain well-anchored, the pass-through of food price shocks to inflation will likely remain subdued.

Keywords: Food Prices; Inflation; Time-varying Parameters (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E30 E31 E52 Q11 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 38 pages
Date: 2019-06-13
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-agr and nep-mac
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
https://www.kansascityfed.org/documents/672/Rising ... hrough_to_Core_I.pdf (application/pdf)
Our link check indicates that this URL is bad, the error code is: 403 Forbidden

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:fip:fedkrw:rwp19-02

Ordering information: This working paper can be ordered from

DOI: 10.18651/RWP2019-02

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Research Working Paper from Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by ().

 
Page updated 2021-09-21
Handle: RePEc:fip:fedkrw:rwp19-02