International technology Diffusion: A Gravity Approach
Ana Maria Santacreu
No 2019-031, Working Papers from Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis
This paper investigates, empirically, the determinants of international technology diffusion using data on technology licensing fees for 61 countries during 1995-2012. A multi-country model of innovation and diffusion yields a gravity equation for bilateral royalty payments as a function of economic fundamentals. The gravity equation is estimated using nonlinear methods. I then investigate discrepancies between the model's predictions and observed royalty payments to identify the role of fundamentals vs. other factors such as imperfect IPR protection, the production structure and tax regulations. An accounting decomposition exercise shows that fundamentals account for most of the variation in royalty payments, whereas imperfect IPR protection and other factors are important in accounting for discrepancies between the model and the data.
Keywords: royalty payments; intellectual property rights; Technology diffusion (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F12 O33 O41 O47 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 46 pages
Date: 2019-11-04, Revised 2020-10-29
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