Debt Constraints and Employment
Patrick Kehoe (),
Virgiliu Midrigan and
Elena Pastorino ()
No 536, Staff Report from Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis
During the Great Recession, regions of the United States that experienced the largest declines in household debt also experienced the largest drops in consumption, employment, and wages. Employment declines were larger in the nontradable sector and for firms that were facing the worst credit conditions. Motivated by these findings, we develop a search and matching model with credit frictions that affect both consumers and firms. In the model, tighter debt constraints raise the cost of investing in new job vacancies and thus reduce worker job finding rates and employment. Two key features of our model, on-the-job human capital accumulation and consumer-side credit frictions, are critical to generating sizable drops in employment. On-the-job human capital accumulation makes the flows of benefits from posting vacancies long-lived and so greatly amplifies the sensitivity of such investments to credit frictions. Consumer-side credit frictions further magnify these effects by leading wages to fall only modestly. We show that the model reproduces well the salient cross-regional features of the U.S. data during the Great Recession.
Keywords: Employment; Human capital; Search and matching; Debt constraints (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E21 E24 E32 J21 J64 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 53 pages
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dge, nep-lab and nep-mac
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (24) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
https://minneapolisfed.org/research/sr/sr536.pdf Full text (application/pdf)
Our link check indicates that this URL is bad, the error code is: 403 Forbidden (https://minneapolisfed.org/research/sr/sr536.pdf [301 Moved Permanently]--> https://www.minneapolisfed.org/research/sr/sr536.pdf)
Journal Article: Debt Constraints and Employment (2019)
Working Paper: Debt Constraints and Employment (2016)
Working Paper: Debt Constraints and Unemployment (2014)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:fip:fedmsr:536
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in Staff Report from Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Jannelle Ruswick ( this e-mail address is bad, please contact ).