EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Debt Constraints and Employment

Patrick Kehoe (), Elena Pastorino () and Virgiliu Midrigan ()

No 22614, NBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc

Abstract: During the Great Recession, regions of the United States that experienced the largest declines in household debt also experienced the largest drops in consumption, employment, and wages. Employment declines were larger in the nontradable sector and for firms that were facing the worst credit conditions. Motivated by these findings, we develop a search and matching model with credit frictions that affect both consumers and firms. In the model, tighter debt constraints raise the cost of investing in new job vacancies and thus reduce worker job finding rates and employment. Two key features of our model, on-the-job human capital accumulation and consumer-side credit frictions, are critical to generating sizable drops in employment. On-the-job human capital accumulation makes the flows of benefits from posting vacancies long-lived and so greatly amplifies the sensitivity of such investments to credit frictions. Consumer-side credit frictions further magnify these effects by leading wages to fall only modestly. We show that the model reproduces well the salient cross-regional features of the U.S. data during the Great Recession.

JEL-codes: E21 E24 E32 J21 J64 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dge, nep-lab, nep-mac, nep-sog and nep-ure
Date: 2016-09
Note: AP EFG IFM LS ME
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (29) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://www.nber.org/papers/w22614.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Working Paper: Debt Constraints and Employment (2016) Downloads
Working Paper: Debt Constraints and Unemployment (2014) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:nbr:nberwo:22614

Ordering information: This working paper can be ordered from
http://www.nber.org/papers/w22614

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in NBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Avenue Cambridge, MA 02138, U.S.A.. Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by ().

 
Page updated 2019-04-19
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:22614