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(Unmet) Credit Demand of American Households

Max Livingston, Wilbert van der Klaauw () and Basit Zafar

No 20131106, Liberty Street Economics from Federal Reserve Bank of New York

Abstract: One of the direct effects of the 2008 financial crisis on U.S. households was a sharp tightening of credit. Households that had previously been able to borrow relatively freely through credit cards, home equity loans, or personal loans suddenly found those lines closed off?just when they needed them the most. In recent months, aggregate statistics such as the Federal Reserve?s Consumer Credit series and the Senior Loan Officer Opinion Survey have shown a gradual improvement in consumer credit. The former series is an indicator of interaction of credit supply and demand, while the latter shows only short-term changes in demand and supply (as reported by lenders) separately. It is, therefore, not entirely clear whether the observed trends are a result of fluctuations in demand or supply. Are those demanding credit getting it? What differences are there among U.S. consumers in their demand for and access to credit?

JEL-codes: D1 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2013-11-06
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