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The Political Impact of Immigration: Evidence from the United States

Anna Maria Mayda (), Giovanni Peri () and Walter Steingress ()
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Anna Maria Mayda: Department of Economics and SFS, Georgetown University, https://sites.google.com/a/georgetown.edu/annamariamayda/

No gueconwpa~18-18-09, Working Papers from Georgetown University, Department of Economics

Abstract: In this paper we study the impact of immigration to the United States on the vote for the Republican Party by analyzing county-level data on election outcomes between 1990 and 2010. Our main contribution is to separate the effect of high-skilled and low-skilled immigrants, by exploiting the different geography and timing of the inflows of these two groups of immigrants. We find that an increase in the first type of immigrants decreases the share of the Republican vote, while an inflow of the second type increases it. These effects are mainly due to the local impact of immigrants on votes of U.S. citizens and they seem independent of the country of origin of immigrants. We also find that the pro-Republican impact of low-skilled immigrants is stronger in low-skilled and non-urban counties. This is consistent with citizens’ political preferences shifting towards the Republican Party in places where low-skilled immigrants are more likely to be perceived as competition in the labor market and for public resources.

Keywords: Immigration; Republican Party; Electoral Effects; Economic and Fiscal Channels. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F22 J61 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cdm, nep-int, nep-mig, nep-pol, nep-soc and nep-ure
Date: 2018-09-10
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Related works:
Working Paper: The Political Impact of Immigration: Evidence from the United States (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: The Political Impact of Immigration: Evidence from the United States (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: The Political Impact of Immigration: Evidence from the United States (2018) Downloads
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Roger Lagunoff Professor of Economics Georgetown University Department of Economics Washington, DC 20057-1036
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