Economics at your fingertips  

Universal childcare and long-term effects on child well-being: Evidence from Canada

Laetitia Lebihan, Catherine Haeck () and Philip Merrigan ()

No 15-02, Working Papers from Research Group on Human Capital, University of Quebec in Montreal's School of Management

Abstract: Starting in 1997, the Canadian province of Quebec implemented a $5 per day universal childcare policy for children aged less than 5 years old. This reform significantly increased mothers' participation in the labor market as well as the proportion of children attending subsidized childcare. In this paper, we evaluate the long-term effects of the policy on child well-being (health, behavior, motor and social development) using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth. We follow treated children for more than 9 years and investigate the impact well beyond the first few years of the policy. A nonexperimental evaluation framework based on multiple pre- and posttreatment periods is used to estimate the policy effects. We show that the reform had negative effects on preschool children's well-being, but these effects tend to disappear as the child gets older. We find that this pattern persist even ten years after the implementation of the reform.

Keywords: universal childcare; child well-being; childcare policy; natural experiment (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I20 I31 J13 J18 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 25 pages
Date: 2015-07, Revised 2017-11
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-hap
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (5) Track citations by RSS feed

Forthcoming Journal of Human Capital

Downloads: (external link) ... gan_GRCH_WP15-02.pdf Revised version, 2017 (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: Universal Child Care and Long-Term Effects on Child Well-Being: Evidence from Canada (2018) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link:

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Working Papers from Research Group on Human Capital, University of Quebec in Montreal's School of Management Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Marie Connolly ().

Page updated 2023-06-15
Handle: RePEc:grc:wpaper:15-02