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Why Subsidize Independent Schools? Estimating the Effect of a Unique Canadian Schooling Model on Educational Attainment

Pierre Lefebvre () and Philip Merrigan ()

No 21-01, Working Papers from Research Group on Human Capital, University of Quebec in Montreal's School of Management

Abstract: Canada is recognized as one of the top 10 countries in secondary education according to PISA results. A particularly intriguing case in this country is the large system of highly subsidized independent schools in the province of Québec where students also perform extremely well in PISA testing. This paper uses the year Canadian 2000 PISA cohort of 15-year-olds to estimate the ATT effect of independent schooling on educational attainment. We find large, positive, robust, and statistically significant effects of independent schooling on attainment. The robustness of the results to omitted variable bias is addressed through a sensitivity analysis for matching estimators.

Keywords: YITS; high school graduation; postsecondary education and professional programs enrollment and graduation; longitudinal data; treatment effect; entropy balancing (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I20 I21 I28 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 46 pages
Date: 2021-04
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-edu and nep-ure
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https://grch.esg.uqam.ca/wp-content/uploads/sites/ ... gan_GRCH_WP21-01.pdf First version, 2021 (application/pdf)

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