Economic impacts of natural gas flow disruptions between Russia and the EU
Jan Oosterhaven and
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Maaike Bouwmeester: Groningen University
No 16003-GEM, Research Report from University of Groningen, Research Institute SOM (Systems, Organisations and Management)
In this paper we use a non-linear programming approach to predict the wider interregional and interindustry impacts of natural gas flow disruptions. In the short run, economic actors attempt to continue their business-as-usual and follow established trade patters as closely as possible. In the model this is modelled by minimizing the information gain between the original pattern of economic transactions and the situation in which natural gas flows are disrupted. We analyze four scenarios that simulate Russian export stops of natural gas by means of a model calibrated on an international input-output table with six sectors and six regions. The simulations show that at the lower levels of aggregation considerable effects are found. At the aggregate level of the whole economy, however, the impacts of the four scenarios are negligible for Europe and only a little less so for Russia itself. Interestingly, the effects on the size of the economy, as measured by its GDP, are predominantly positive for the various European regions, but negative for Russia. The effects on the welfare of the populations involved, however, as measured by the size of domestic final demand, have an opposite sign; with predominantly negligible but negative effects for European regions, and very small positive effects for the Russian population.
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cis, nep-cmp, nep-ene, nep-int, nep-sog and nep-tra
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Journal Article: Economic impacts of natural gas flow disruptions between Russia and the EU (2017)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:gro:rugsom:16003-gem
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