Vog: Using Volcanic Eruptions to Estimate the Health Costs of Particulates
John Lynham and
Aureo de Paula
No 2017-6R, Working Papers from University of Hawaii Economic Research Organization, University of Hawaii at Manoa
The negative consequences of long-term exposure to particulate pollution are well-established but many studies finnd no effect of short-term exposure on health outcomes. The high correlation of industrial pollutant emissions complicates the estimation of the impact of individual pollutants on health. In this study, we use emissions from Kilauea volcano, which are uncorrelated with other pollution sources, to estimate the impact of pollutants on local emergency room admissions and a precise measure of costs. A one standard deviation increase in particulates leads to a 23-36% increase in expenditures on ER visits for pulmonary outcomes, mostly among the very young. Even in an area where air quality is well within the safety guidelines of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, this estimate is larger than those in the existing literature on the short-term effects of particulates. No strong effects for cardiovascular outcomes are found.
Keywords: Pollution; Health; Volcano; Particulates; SO2 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: H51 I12 Q51 Q53 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 49 pages
Date: 2015-04, Revised 2017-08
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https://uhero.hawaii.edu/wp-content/uploads/2019/08/WP_2017-6R.pdf First version, 2015 (application/pdf)
Journal Article: Vog: Using Volcanic Eruptions to Estimate the Health Costs of Particulates (2019)
Working Paper: Vog: Using Volcanic Eruptions to Estimate the Health Costs of Particulates (2017)
Working Paper: Vog: Using Volcanic Eruptions to Estimate the Health Costs of Particulates (2015)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:hae:wpaper:2017-6r
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