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Cognitive Abilities and Behavioral Biases

Jörg Oechssler, Andreas Roider () and Patrick Schmitz

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Abstract: We use a simple, three-item test for cognitive abilities to investigate whether established behavioral biases that play a prominent role in behavioral economics and finance are related to cognitive abilities. We find that higher test scores on the Cognitive Reflection Test of Frederick (2005) indeed are correlated with lower incidences of the conjunction fallacy and conservatism in updating probabilities. Test scores are also significantly related to subjects' time and risk preferences. Test scores have no influence on the amount of anchoring, although there is evidence of anchoring among all subjects. Even if incidences of most biases are lower for people with higher cognitive abilities, they still remain substantial.

Keywords: C91; D80; D90; J24; Behavioral finance; Biases; Cognitive abilities; Cognitive reflection test (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2009-05-13
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00696620
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Published in Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, Elsevier, 2009, 72 (1), pp.147. 〈10.1016/j.jebo.2009.04.018〉

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Journal Article: Cognitive abilities and behavioral biases (2009) Downloads
Working Paper: Cognitive Abilities and Behavioral Biases (2009) Downloads
Working Paper: Cognitive Abilities and Behavioral Biases (2008) Downloads
Working Paper: Cognitive Abilities and Behavioral Biases (2008) Downloads
Working Paper: Cognitive Abilities and Behavioral Biases (2008) Downloads
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:hal:journl:hal-00696620

DOI: 10.1016/j.jebo.2009.04.018

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