Does Social Pressure Hinder Entrepreneurship in Africa? The Forced Mutual Help Hypothesis
Philippe Alby (),
Emmanuelle Auriol () and
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In the absence of a public safety net, wealthy Africans have the social obligation to share their re- sources with their needy relatives in the form of cash transfers and inefficient family hiring. We develop a model of entrepreneurial choice that accounts for this social redistributive constraint. We derive pre- dictions regarding employment choices, productivity, and profitability of firms ran by entrepreneurs of African versus non-African origin. Everything else equal, local firms are over-staffed and less productive than firms owned by nonlocals, which discourages local entrepreneurship. Using data from the manu- facturing sector, we illustrate the theory by structurally estimating the proportion of missing African entrepreneurs. Our estimates, which are suggestive due to the data limitation, vary between 8% and 12.6% of the formal sector workforce. Implications for the role of social protection are discussed.
Keywords: Entrepreneurship; Family Solidarity; Formal Sector; Africa (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Published in Economica, 2020, 87 (346), pp.299-327
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Journal Article: Does Social Pressure Hinder Entrepreneurship in Africa? The Forced Mutual Help Hypothesis (2020)
Working Paper: Does Social Pressure Hinder Entrepreneurship in Africa? The Forced Mutual Help Hypothesis (2018)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:hal:journl:hal-02929477
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