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How Do Employees Perceive Corporate Responsibility? Development and Validation of a Multidimensional Corporate Stakeholder Responsibility Scale

Assâad El Akremi, Jean-Pascal Gond, Valérie Swaen, Kenneth De Roeck and Jacques Igalens
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Assâad El Akremi: CRM - Centre de Recherche en Management - IAE - Institut d'Administration des Entreprises - Toulouse - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - UT1 - Université Toulouse 1 Capitole
Jean-Pascal Gond: Cass Business School - City University London - City University London
Valérie Swaen: LEM - Lille économie management - UMR 9221 - UA - Université d'Artois - UCL - Université catholique de Lille - Université de Lille - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique
Jacques Igalens: CRM - Centre de Recherche en Management - IAE - Institut d'Administration des Entreprises - Toulouse - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - UT1 - Université Toulouse 1 Capitole

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Abstract: Recent research on the microfoundations of corporate social responsibility (CSR) has highlighted the need for improved measures to evaluate how stakeholders perceive and subsequently react to CSR initiatives. Drawing on stakeholder theory and data from five samples of employees (N = 3,772), the authors develop and validate a new measure of corporate stakeholder responsibility (CStR), which refers to an organization's context-specific actions and policies designed to enhance the welfare of various stakeholder groups by accounting for the triple bottom line of economic, social, and environmental performance; it is conceptualized as a superordinate, multidimensional construct. Results from exploratory factor analyses, first- and second-order confirmatory factor analyses, and structural equation modeling provide strong evidence of the convergent, discriminant, incremental, and criterion-related validities of the proposed CStR scale. Two-wave longitudinal studies further extend prior theory by demonstrating that the higher-order CStR construct relates positively and directly to organizational pride and perceived organizational support, as well as positively and indirectly to organizational identification, job satisfaction, and affective commitment, beyond the contribution of overall organizational justice, ethical climate, and prior measures of perceived CSR.

Keywords: corporate social responsibility; stakeholders employees’; perceptions scale development and validation; multidimensional construct (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01520959
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Published in Journal of Management, Southern Management Association, 2018, 44 (2), pp.619-657. ⟨10.1177/0149206315569311⟩

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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-01520959

DOI: 10.1177/0149206315569311

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