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Does Job Insecurity Deteriorate Health? A Causal Approach for Europe

Eve Caroli () and Mathilde Godard ()
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Mathilde Godard: Legos - Laboratoire d'Economie et de Gestion des Organisations de Santé - Université Paris Dauphine-PSL - PSL - Université Paris sciences et lettres, CREST - Centre de Recherche en Économie et Statistique - ENSAI - Ecole Nationale de la Statistique et de l'Analyse de l'Information [Bruz] - X - École polytechnique - ENSAE Paris - École Nationale de la Statistique et de l'Administration Économique - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, LEDA-DIAL - Développement, Institutions et Modialisation - LEDa - Laboratoire d'Economie de Dauphine - IRD - Institut de Recherche pour le Développement - Université Paris Dauphine-PSL - PSL - Université Paris sciences et lettres - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique

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Abstract: This paper estimates the causal effect of perceived job insecurity { i.e. the fear of involuntary job loss { on health in a sample of men from 22 European countries. We rely on an original instrumental variable approach based on the idea that workers perceive greater job security in countries where employment is strongly protected by the law, and relatively more so if employed in industries where employment protection legislation is more binding, i.e. in industries with a higher natural rate of dismissals. Using cross-country data from the 2010 European Working Conditions Survey, we show that when the potential endogeneity of job insecurity is not accounted for, the latter appears to deteriorate almost all health outcomes. When tackling the endogeneity issue by estimating an IV model and dealing with potential weak-instrument issues, the health-damaging effect of job insecurity is confirmed for a limited subgroup of health outcomes, namely suffering from headaches or eyestrain and skin problems. As for other health variables, the impact of job insecurity appears to be insignificant at conventional levels.

Keywords: Job insecurity; Health; Instrumental Variables (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2014-06
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eur and nep-hea
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Related works:
Working Paper: Does job insecurity deteriorate health? A causal approach for Europe (2014) Downloads
Working Paper: Does Job Insecurity Deteriorate Health? A Causal Approach for Europe (2014) Downloads
Working Paper: Does Job Insecurity Deteriorate Health? A Causal Approach for Europe (2014) Downloads
Working Paper: Does Job Insecurity Deteriorate Health ? A Causal Approach for Europe (2013) Downloads
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