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The rise and fall of spatial inequalities in France: A long-run perspective

Pierre-Philippe Combes (), Miren Lafourcade (), Jacques Thisse () and Jean-Claude Toutain
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Jean-Claude Toutain: ERMES - Equipe de recherche sur les marches, l'emploi et la simulation - UP2 - Université Panthéon-Assas - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, UP1 - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne

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Abstract: This paper uses a unique database that provides value-added, employment, and population levels for the entire set of French departments for the years 1860, 1930, and 2000. These data cover three sectors: agriculture, manufacturing, and services. This allows us to study the evolution of spatial inequalities within France and to test the empirical relevance of economic geography predictions over the long run. The evidence confirms the existence of a bell-shaped evolution of the spatial concentration of manufacturing and services. In contrast, labor productivity has been converging across departments. Last, our study also confirms the presence of strong agglomeration economies during the full time-period. Market potential during the first sub-period (1860-1930), and higher education during the second (1930-2000), together with sectoral diversity, account for the spatial distribution of these gains.

Keywords: economic geography; agglomeration economies; human capital; economic history; capital humain; externalités d'agglomération; économie géographique; histoire économique (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2008-10
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-geo, nep-his, nep-ltv and nep-ure
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00586214
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Related works:
Journal Article: The rise and fall of spatial inequalities in France: A long-run perspective (2011) Downloads
Working Paper: The rise and fall of spatial inequalities in France: A long-run perspective (2011) Downloads
Working Paper: The rise and fall of spatial inequalities in France: A long-run perspective (2011)
Working Paper: The rise and fall of spatial inequalities in France: A long-run perspective (2011)
Working Paper: The Rise and Fall of Spatial Inequalities in France: a Long-Run Perspective (2008) Downloads
Working Paper: The rise and fall of spatial inaqualities in France: a long-run perspective (2008) Downloads
Working Paper: The rise and fall of spatial inaqualities in France: a long-run perspective (2008) Downloads
Working Paper: The rise and fall of spatial inequalities in France: A long-run perspective (2008) Downloads
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