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Stealing to Survive: Crime and Income Shocks in 19th Century France

Vincent Bignon, Eve Caroli () and Roberto Galbiati
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Vincent Bignon: EconomiX - UPN - Université Paris Nanterre - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique

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Abstract: Using local administrative data from 1826 to 1936, we document the evolution of crime ratesin 19th century France and we estimate the impact of a negative income shock on crime. Ouridentification strategy exploits the phylloxera crisis. Between 1863 and 1890, phylloxeradestroyed about 40% of French vineyards. We use the geographical variation in the timing ofthis shock to identify its impact on property and violent crime rates, as well as minor offences.Our estimates suggest that the phylloxera crisis caused a substantial increase in propertycrime rates and a significant decrease in violent crimes.

Keywords: phylloxera; Crime; income shock; 19th century France (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-his, nep-law and nep-ure
Date: 2017-04-20
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01511335
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Related works:
Working Paper: Stealing to Survive? Crime and Income Shock in 19th Century France (2015)
Working Paper: Stealing to Survive? Crime and Income Shocks in 19th Century France (2014) Downloads
Working Paper: Stealing to Survive: Crime and Income Shocks in 19th Century France (2013) Downloads
Working Paper: Stealing to Survive: Crime and Income Shock in 19th century France (2013)
Working Paper: Stealing to Survive: Crime and Income Shocks in 19th Century France (2011) Downloads
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