Inputs, Gender Roles or Sharing Norms? Assessing the Gender Performance Gap Among Informal Entrepreneurs in Madagascar
Christophe Nordman () and
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Julia Vaillant: Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD)
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We use a representative sample of informal entrepreneurs in Madagascar to add new evidence on themagnitude of the gender performance gap. After controlling for business and entrepreneur characteristics, female-owned businesses exhibit a value added 28 percent lower than their male counterparts. Correcting for endogenous selection into informal self-employment raises the gap by 5 percentage points. We then investigate the role of sharing norms and gender-differentiated allocationof time within the household in the gender performance gap, by estimating their effect on the technicalinefficiency of female and male entrepreneurs. Only male entrepreneurs seem subject to pressure to redistribute from the distant network. Our findings are consistent with situations where women working at home would essentially feel negatively the burden of their own community due to intensesocial norms and obligations in their workplace but also of domestic chores and responsibilities. Wefind evidence of females self-selecting themselves into industries in which they can combine marketorientedand domestic activities.
Keywords: Madagascar; Gender; entrepreneurship; informal sector; household composition; sharing norms (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Working Paper: Inputs, Gender Roles or Sharing Norms? Assessing the Gender Performance Gap Among Informal Entrepreneurs in Madagascar (2014)
Working Paper: Inputs, Gender Roles or Sharing Norms? Assessing the Gender Performance Gap Among Informal Entrepreneurs in Madagascar (2013)
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