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Matching, Cooperation and HIV in the Couple

Jean-Paul Azam and Elodie Djemaï
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Elodie Djemaï: LEDa - Laboratoire d'Economie de Dauphine - Université Paris Dauphine-PSL

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Abstract: We examine how cooperation within the couple protects the partners from HIVinfection using survey data from Southern Africa. The respective impacts of educationand cooperation on HIV risk for both wives and husbands are estimated in a jointestimation model. We fully discuss and test the conflictual approach of the coupleagainst a cooperative framework derived from a simple matching model. Our findingssuggest that the larger the number of decisions husbands and wives jointly make,the less likely it is that they are infected with HIV. This is robust to assuming thatcooperation is endogenous in the wife equation. Freedom and trust are also significantlyrelated to the likelihood of infection for both partners while the women's views aboutwhether marital violence is acceptable are not. These effects may come from a reducedlikelihood of extramarital affairs among men and women living in more cooperativepartnerships.

Keywords: Couples; Matching; HIV infection; Education; Africa (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019-02-11
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Working Paper: Matching, cooperation and HIV in the couple (2019)
Working Paper: Matching, cooperation and HIV in the couple (2019) Downloads
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