The Cost of Borders: Evidence from the Eurasian Customs Union
Hinnerk Gnutzmann and
Hannover Economic Papers (HEP) from Leibniz Universität Hannover, Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät
How strongly can the reduction in bureaucracy and red tape at the border increase trade? To address this, we study an ambitious trade facilitation policy - the complete abolition of internal customs controls - in the Eurasian Customs Union. Using a structural gravity model with high-dimensional fixed effects, we find evidence that non-tariff trade facilitation strongly and robustly increases the number of newly traded products. The value of trade, however, reacts more strongly to a traditional tariff-driven diversion of trade towards union members. Trade facilitation policies can diversify bilateral trade, highlighting the importance of trade analysis at the extensive margin.
Keywords: trade facilitation; non-tariff trade costs; customs union; border effects; structural gravity (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F14 F15 F55 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 30 pages
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:han:dpaper:dp-664
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