Agglomeration and Innovation
Gerald Carlino () and
William Kerr ()
No 15-007, Harvard Business School Working Papers from Harvard Business School
This chapter reviews academic research on the connections between agglomeration and innovation. We first describe the conceptual distinctions between invention and innovation. We then describe how these factors are frequently measured in the data and some resulting empirical regularities. Innovative activity tends to be more concentrated than industrial activity, and we discuss important findings from the literature about why this is so. We highlight the traits of cities (e.g., size, industrial diversity) that theoretical and empirical work link to innovation, and we discuss factors that help sustain these features (e.g., the localization of entrepreneurial finance).
Keywords: Agglomeration; clusters; innovation; invention; entrepreneurship. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J2 J6 L1 L2 L6 O3 R1 R3 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Chapter: Agglomeration and Innovation (2015)
Working Paper: Agglomeration and innovation (2015)
Working Paper: Agglomeration and innovation (2014)
Working Paper: Agglomeration and Innovation (2014)
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