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Poverty and Inequality in Francophone Africa, 1960s-2010s

Sédi-Anne Boukaka, Giulia Mancini () and Giovanni Vecchi

No 16, HHB Working Papers Series from The Historical Household Budgets Project


The paper provides first generation estimates of poverty and inequality rates for three countries in francophone Africa – Cameroon, Côte d’Ivoire and Gabon – in the aftermath of independence. Sources – a large collection of historical household budgets – are new, as is the method that allows to connect historical sources to modern household budget surveys, and to deliver nationally representative estimates. The second part of the paper identifies the trend of poverty and inequality in Côte d’Ivoire for the years 1965-2015; we find that mean income growth failed to reduce poverty during the fifteen years of economic boom post-independence (1965-1979) because of increasing inequality. Conversely, in the following period (1979-2015) poverty changes are mostly guided by the evolution of growth.

Keywords: Cameroon; Cote-d'Ivoire; Gabon; grouped data; household budgets; inequality; living standards; poverty; wellbeing (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C13 I32 N37 O12 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 57 pages
Date: 2018-12-27
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dev and nep-his
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Journal Article: Poverty and inequality in Francophone Africa, 1960s–2010s (2021) Downloads
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