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A global map of amenities: Public goods, ethnic divisions and decentralization

André Seidel

No 5/19, Working Papers in Economics from University of Bergen, Department of Economics

Abstract: This paper presents a new global dataset on the geocode locations of public amenities, e.g., schools, hospitals or libraries, based on OpenStreetMap data. Volunteered geocoded information can be systematically incomplete; therefore, we develop and study two new proxies for the degree of completeness of OSM data in first-level administrative regions. Using our new data, we study the effects of decentralization and ethnic divisions on the provision of public amenities associated with various public goods. We find strong evidence for the existence of collective action failure at the subnational Level worldwide. More autonomous regions with high degrees of ethnic fractionalization provide significantly fewer public amenities than others.

Keywords: public goods; amenities; decentralization; ethnic fractionalization; OpenStreetMap (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C82 D72 H41 H75 H77 R53 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 48 pages
Date: 2019-09-20
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-geo, nep-ore and nep-ure
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