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Are Social Preferences Skin Deep? Dictators under Cognitive Load

Karen Hauge, Kjell Arne Brekke, Lars-Olof Johansson (), Olof Johansson-Stenman () and Henrik Svedsäter ()
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Lars-Olof Johansson: Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg
Henrik Svedsäter: Organisational Behaviour, London Business School

No 371, Working Papers in Economics from University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics

Abstract: We study the impact of cognitive load in dictator games to test two conflicting views of moral behavior. Are social preferences skindeep in the sense that they are the result of humans’ cognitive reasoning while the natural instinct is selfish, or is rather the natural instinct to share fairly while our cognitive capacities are able to adjust moral principles in a selfserving manner? Some previous studies in more complex settings give conflicting answers, and to disentangle different possible mechanisms we use simple games. We study both charitable giving and the behavior of dictators under high and low cognitive load, where high cognitive load is assumed to reduce the impact of cognitive processes on behavior. In the dictator game we use both a give frame, where the dictator is given an amount and may share some or all of it to a partner, and a take frame, where dictators may take from an amount initially allocated to the partner. The results from four different studies indicate that the effect of cognitive load is small if at all existing.

Keywords: Social Preferences; experiments; dictator game; cognitive load (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C91 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 18 pages
Date: 2009-07-03
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cbe, nep-exp, nep-gth, nep-mic and nep-neu
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (29)

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